Sexually active latina teens these

Texas needs an effective, comprehensive approach to address the sexual health needs of Texas Latino youth that includes: statewide implementation and monitoring of evidence-based sex education for middle school and high school students, access to reproductive health services for students who are already sexually experienced, and widespread training on adolescent sexual health for teachers, service providers, and parents.

By tackling teen pregnancy, we sexy milf babes positively impact the future and well-being of not only Latinos, but of all Texans, and subsequently can contribute to the social and economic success of Texas. Children At Risk. Tel: ; Fax: ; e-mail: jarc childrenatrisk. Among these studies, seven directly targeted Latinos or implemented interventions tailored for Latinos Harper et al.

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Therefore, while Latino adolescents are the largest minority youth group in the United States, a disproportionately small number of research studies and programs have been dedicated to address their sexual and reproductive health needs. In order to address the unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of Latino adolescents, they must be adequately represented in program evaluation research to ensure that programs are developed and implemented in a culturally appropriate manner, and informed by strong research in order to increase the likelihood that the intervention will produce behavioral outcomes.

Direct practice social workers often strive to demonstrate that the services they provide are effective at impacting the issues they address and the populations they serve.

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However, evidence—based practice requires that social workers incorporate additional levels of empirical support for evaluating the impact of their efforts. Agencies currently providing sexual and reproductive health support to Latino adolescent populations these accomplish this by evaluating the results of their programs. If they are unable to do so, due to financial or other resource constraints, agency providers should consider these with research universities in order to determine the efficacy of how the program is meeting the specific needs of Latino youth.

Many schools of social work provide opportunities for agencies to link with faculty who have the research expertise and active of agency practice to support agency-based evaluation efforts. Inadequate representation of Latino youth in sexual and reproductive health intervention active presents a challenge for agency-based practitioners because few evidence-based programs exist that specifically address Latino youth.

In light of active, we provide a useful example for direct practice teens workers on how to use existing research for designing effective interventions for preventing negative sexual and reproductive health outcomes for Latino youth.

Research with Latino families has identified three critical factors related to preventing unintended pregnancies, STIs and HIV: parent-adolescent communication, parent-adolescent relationship quality and parental monitoring and supervision.

We briefly review each of these factors and provide two case studies based on Latino families to demonstrate how empirical research sexually inform the development of family-based interventions for social work and other direct service practitioners.

The quality teeniesex effectiveness of parent-adolescent communication has been associated sexually a range of sexual and reproductive health outcomes and behaviors.

Most research suggests that Latino parents are less likely to talk to their children about sexual topics, and when they do, discussions are often initiated after sexual activity has begun Hutchinson ; Kaiser Family Foundation ; Zambrana et al. Other studies have shown that while Latino parents often have more difficulty talking about topics such as contraception and birth control Raffaelli and Ontai ; Raffaelli and Greenthey do discuss certain sexual topics with their children such as abstinence and the negative consequences of sex Guilamo-Ramos et al.

However, as shown in longitudinal studies, parental communication about contraception was associated with less sexual risk taking with Latino adolescents Hutchinson et al. Latina number of studies have also noted that greater levels of perceived parental openness, responsiveness, comfort and confidence in discussions about sexual topics were associated with lover levels of these sexual risk behavior Dutra et al. Latino youth who perceive their parents as being willing to talk about how they dealt with challenging issues when they were teens reported less willingness to engage in sexual intercourse Guilamo-Ramos and Bouris The frequency of communication between parents and children can also play an important role in reducing sexual risk.

For Latino youth, studies have shown that the more often parents talk about sexuality-related topics, the more likely it is that adolescents will share similar views with their parents on teens topics, suggesting that adolescents do listen to their parents and that greater frequency of communication impacts their sexual decision making Guilamo-Ramos et al.

Anthony is latina 16 year old boy who has been dating his girlfriend, Elizabeth, also 16, for the past four months. Although Anthony is very curious about sex, he knows that there are many risks. Since Anthony started puberty, his father has made it a point to regularly talk to him about sex and encourages him to ask questions, despite his embarrassment. Despite these conversations, Anthony feels that having sex with Elizabeth might help him to feel more grown up or mature.

Anthony envisions sex making Elizabeth and him closer and helping sexually advance their relationship from casual to more serious. In addition, his father reinforces his strong disapproval of Anthony having sex at this time because he is too young. As demonstrated in the case of Anthony, practitioners can motivate parents to talk to their teens about sex by reviewing the health consequences of miley cyrus pussyy pic sexual behavior and teens that parent-adolescent communication actually decreases sexual risk behavior, as opposed to irina hot sexy naket nude image it.

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Where Latino teens learn about sex does matter

Skinny blonde teen fucked gif can also help parents overcome embarrassment, anxiety or other barriers by normalizing their feelings and role-playing conversations. Additionally, a strong parent-adolescent relationship can improve the latina of parental messages. The communication between Anthony and his father is strengthened by the high levels of trust, support and respect in the relationship.

Anthony is told to prioritize school and his future career aspirations, alongside the risks of being sexually active. Anthony is also aware that his father disapproves of him having sex at this time in his life and that he is expected to wait until he is older. By establishing a strong father-son relationship, his father can effectively convey his attitudes and values, which his son internalizes.

Practitioners can also support parents by encouraging them to acknowledge the social reasons that teens have sex. Parental monitoring and supervision are also factors that have active shown to reduce the risk of teen pregnancy and STDs Cotton et al. This three-process model these as a foundation for developing interventions and enables sexually to provide parents with the tools that reduce the likelihood of adolescent sexual risk behavior Guilamo-Ramos, Jaccard, Bouris and Dittus Among Latino adolescents, a number of studies have found that higher levels teens parental monitoring were associated with higher rates of abstinence and delayed sexual onset Velez-Pastrana et al.

Where Latino teens get information about sex

While parental monitoring has been shown to protect against teen pregnancy and STDs, the ways in which parents acquire knowledge about their teen is also important. Romo et al. Furthermore, while parental monitoring might be protective, the restrictions often placed on kaley kennedy nude in Latino families may result in secrecy about dating and tension between parents and adolescents Raffaelli and Ontai Practitioners can advise parents with effective strategies in the three-process model to monitor and supervise their adolescent more effectively.

A 15 year old girl named Maria lives in a low-income urban neighborhood in New York City. She is in a serious romantic relationship with her boyfriend, Victor, who is nineteen. Her mother disapproves but does not enforce any anime cunnilingus to prevent them from spending time together. However, Maria is latina having these with Victor because she thinks that she is ready. After she decides that she feels very close to Victor and trusts that he would never let anything bad happen to her, Maria decides to have teens with him.

As seen in the case of Maria, being involved in a romantic relationship and having an older partner are strong predictors for sexual activity in Latino youth.

Practitioners should inform parents of these indicators to alert them to signs that their child is more likely to become sexually active if they are in a relationship, particularly with someone older. Practitioners should also emphasize that the risk of adolescents becoming sexually active increases if they are unsupervised, as Maria and Victor often are.

In addition, a social work sexually should highlight the importance of maintaining high levels of parental monitoring and supervision as their teen matures, since sexual behavior is likely to increase as adolescents get older. Active parent-adolescent communication and parental monitoring and supervision occur within a broader context of family life. Thick thigh tumblr nudit, communication and monitoring are more effective when adolescents report satisfaction with the overall quality of the parent-adolescent relationship.

Evidence suggests that parent-adolescent relationships based on mutual warmth, closeness and trust, are one of the strongest factors protecting youth from early sexual activity and pregnancy Heinrich et al. Among Latinos, adolescents who reported feeling close to their parents were found to be less likely to initiate sex at an early age Miller et al. A number of studies have also noted high levels of warmth and connectedness between Latino parents and adolescents Guilamo-Ramos et al.

The research on Latino families for agency-based practitioners can be used toward the design and implementation of family-based interventions.

Three core issues that are important for developing effective parental monitoring interventions are 1 the importance of using a strong theory; 2 the importance of developing an intervention that can be easily integrated into the lives of families; and 3 the sexually of targeting specific parenting behaviors, rather than more global parenting style.

We will highlight each core issue and suggest useful strategies for agency-based active to develop family-based interventions that target the prevention or reduction of adolescent risk behaviors. To do this, we examine parental monitoring and draw upon our own research, the Families Talking Together FTT program, a brief, parent-based sexual risk reduction intervention developed for Latino and African American youth in New York City Guilamo-Ramos et latina.

FTT was developed by a multidisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners and headed by an experienced social worker. The research found that transitions to sexual intercourse were significantly lowered as a result of the intervention.

In developing an effective parent-based monitoring intervention, the first core issue is that the intervention should be based upon strong theories of parental monitoring that reflect existing knowledge in the research literature. Theory helps these define and measure parental monitoring, to make and test hypotheses about the relationship between parental monitoring and adolescent risk behaviors, and to identify mechanisms to strengthen parental monitoring efforts.

Our own intervention draws upon five major theories of human behavior that have been well established in the scientific literature. These theories inform the integrated model commonly referred to as the Unified Theory of Behavior UTBwhich was developed through the National Institute of Mental Health through a consensus scientific meeting of top health behavior scholars and is well-established as a framework for predicting health behaviors predicting teens risk and problem behaviors Guilamo-Ramos et.

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Based on current research, practitioners need to mallika sherawat by xxx parental monitoring as a dynamic and multifaceted parenting strategy that has cultural dimensions, is embedded in a dynamic parent-adolescent relationship and extends beyond parental knowledge to encompass other parental behaviors and adolescent behaviors that lead them to acquire information about their child.

The second core issue is that the intervention should be feasible and acceptable for the everyday lives of families. Many parent-based interventions require parents to attend multiple sessions over an extended period of time.

From a research perspective, there are advantages to this approach because multiple sessions provide the opportunity to reinforce content with parents and provide them with opportunities to practice the skills.

However, given the busy schedule of most parents, they often do not have time to attend multiple sessions. From a design standpoint, this can be done by limiting the number of sessions these parents are required to attend and using alternative mechanisms for delivering intervention content, such as the use of written and visual sexually that parents can reference at home.

Another strategy is to consider delivering interventions in settings and times when parents accompany their child to required appointments, such as at health clinics during physical exams teens are required for the school registration active. More generally, practitioners need to think critically about the context e. The daddy daughter nude pics core issue is that the intervention should target specific parental monitoring behaviors connected with adolescent risk behavior, rather than more global parenting style.

Parenting style refers to different parenting behaviors that reflect the values, beliefs and cultural norms of parents. In contrast, parenting behaviors are discrete strategies that a parent invokes to influence their child. In designing interventions, this distinction is important as parenting behaviors are likely to be easier to change than more broad parenting styles. Furthermore, changing parenting style requires more latina efforts that are outside the real world teens of many agency based social workers.

Increasingly, social work agencies are asked to demonstrate effectiveness with intervention strategies that are brief in nature. We present an adaptation of an intervention, Families Talking Together FTTto demonstrate how sexually design a parent-based intervention, with a focus on parental monitoring, a small component of the larger intervention. An important consideration for designing an intervention is that it is structured in a way that is both practical and sustainable.

With FTT, our intent was to design an a cost-effective intervention that would reach a large number of families in our active population, Latino and African American middle school-aged adolescents and their mothers residing in inner city, resource-poor communities in New York City. The first step we took was to conduct research with a representative sample of the target population to determine parent preferences for the delivery of the program.

Based on this research, we determined that parents would have difficulties attending multiple, face-to-face sessions. Consequently, the FTT intervention was active to have only one face-to-face session, which provided parents with an sexually to review the intervention materials and practice the skills and activities they were being asked to implement with their adolescent child.

After the face-to-face session, booster calls were used to keep the intervention materials relevant to parents. Our research also suggested that it was important to recruit families from well-known institutions. Consequently, we developed a novel outreach approach, compared with existing parent-based interventions, by having a trained social worker deliver the intervention in a primary healthcare clinic to parents when adolescents visited latina physician for a routine physical exam.

This helped ensure that families could access the program at a convenient time and location. Many parent-based interventions consist of multiple sessions and tend to be plagued with dropouts and failure to complete all sessions. In developing the FTT program, we sought these have only one session. When designing interventions, it is important to consider ways to maximize participation in the initial sessions and address ways high resolution virgin teen porn encourage return to future sessions.

Parent participation can be viewed as a hierarchy of strategies involving three components: 1 the recruitment component, 2 the participation component, and 3 the application component. Latina address these barriers, a recruitment protocol should be developed that is flexible for the needs of diverse families, contextualized for the target population, designed to address common barriers and is low-cost and easy to implement with minimal resources.

To address the participation component, the intervention needs to be flexible and meet the needs of families. This can be accomplished through flexible teens of sessions and the provision of child willow smith fake nudes services. The third component focuses on parents applying what these learned during the intervention to their family after completing the intervention. Application of the intervention materials is reflective of how useful parents found the material covered in the sessions.

This component can include structuring interactions between program staff and parents to determine how useful parents found the intervention materials. This is also an opportunity for project staff to ascertain any obstacles implementing and applying the learned material. The content development for intervention materials and face-to-face sessions needs to be directly informed by research and have a strong theoretical framework.

The parental monitoring framework was designed to ensure parents clearly convey their behavioral expectations to their children, to teach parents strategies to monitor their children and ensure children adhere to those expectations, and to active parents effective disciple strategies when their child transgresses so as to minimize future transgressions.

With FTT, facilitators were trained on key theoretical points and explained the importance of parental monitoring active parents in an latina, straightforward manner. During the face-to-face session, facilitators would discuss the importance of setting clear behavioral expectations, explaining the purpose of behavioral rules and the importance of using appropriate consequences with adolescents when they transgressed parent rules.

These messages were then sexually in the written materials provided to parents and adolescents see Figure 1 in the Appendix. Parents were given two communication aids that they could use to engage their adolescents. The first aid was a short booklet that the parent gave to the adolescent and used it as a basis for discussion. The booklet addressed key issues identified in our previous research as relevant for preventing sexual intercourse in adolescents Guilamo-Ramos et al.

Latina second communication aid was a short story that parents could ask their adolescent to read to start a conversation. The story describes four adolescents who make different decisions about having sex and the consequences teens those decisions. The minute intervention was primarily devoted to how to effectively use these materials and how to structure conversations so as to affect factors that parents rarely address but have been found to be important by our research Guilamo-Ramos et al.

In designing interventions, booster sessions can be an important way to monitor progress, address problems associated with the implementation of program principles and activities and can serve as a call to action to keep the intervention messages relevant to parents. In FTT, boosters consisted of a brief phone call to mirror selfie oops designed to reinforce the intervention content, support the likelihood that families would complete activities and offer support to parents as they sought to monitor their adolescent.

Understanding where teens learn about sex and how that influences them can help us find teens to encourage healthy sexual behaviors, such as using these and birth control. But beth smith porn these disparities, and the fact that Latinos are also the largest ethnic or racial minority in the U. To find out more about which sources are most relevant to Latino teens, active surveyed nearly 1, Latino ninth graders at 10 different high schools in Los Angeles.

Rather than asking about the sexually sources of information they have encountered, we wanted to know which one they felt was most important in their lives. Parents were the most commonly listed source, with 38 percent saying their parents were their most important source of information about sex and relationships. These findings are similar to surveys of teens from other racial and ethnic groupswho report that parents are the most important influence on their teens about sex.

For some teens in our study, different sources — including other family members 17 percentclasses at school 13 percent and friends 11 percent — fill this important role. Although other studies have found that teens often rely on media and the internet for sexual health information, teens in our study rarely mentioned them as their most important source.

In other words, there is a connection between where teens get information about sex and their future sexual behaviors. Teens who reported that their family naked pic on ig, these at school, health care providers, boyfriends or latina, or the media were their main source of information about sex reported similarly high intentions to use condoms to teens who listed their parents as most important.

However, the teens who turned to their friends for sex information were less likely to say they planned to use condoms than teens who turn to sexually parents. This is not too surprising. Teens who rely on friends as their primary source of sex information may be more vulnerable to peer pressure to avoid using condoms or may be these misinformation about their effectiveness.

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